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K-2/K-3 Requirements

Engagement Terms & Conditions

Under the requirements of our profession, we have prepared this written Engagement Terms & Conditions. Arkin & Associates, P.C. will provide professional accounting services as indicated based on the information that you furnish to us. This engagement is ongoing and may be amended from time to time in writing as agreed to by both of us. These terms and conditions are a part of the signed engagement letter that we have established with you. We may amend these terms from time to time. These terms and conditions apply to all engagements and by your utilization of our services, you agree to these Terms & Conditions.

Bookkeeping and Non-Attest Services

Beginning in 2017, we are changing the nature of our reporting of your financial statements. If you have engaged us to prepare financial statements, these services will be a Preparation of Financial Services under a Preparation Only (P.O.) engagement. Additionally, we will indicate that the statements have been prepared under a Special Purpose Framework, typically under the Income Tax Basis of Accounting.

Under the requirements of the Statements on Standards for Accounting and Review Services (SSARSs) 21, we will indicate that NO assurance is provided on these statements. Accordingly, the engagement will be considered a bookkeeping engagement only in which we enter general ledger transactions, process payments, maintain depreciation schedules and record the information into your accounting software system. The statements will indicate in the footer:

“No Assurance or Disclosures are Provided on these Financial Statements. Income Tax Basis of Accounting.”

An engagement to prepare financial statements is a non-attest service and does not require the accountant to verify the accuracy or completeness of the information provided by management or otherwise gather evidence to express an opinion or a conclusion on the financial statements or otherwise report on the financial statements.

Our Responsibilities

The objective of our engagement is to prepare financial statements in accordance with the income tax basis of accounting based on information provided by you. We will conduct our engagement in accordance with Statements on Standards for Accounting and Review Services (SSARSs) promulgated by the Accounting and Review Services Committee of the AICPA and comply with the AICPA's Code of Professional Conduct, including the ethical principles of integrity, objectivity, professional competence, and due care.

We are not required to, and will not, verify the accuracy or completeness of the information you will provide to us for the engagement or otherwise gather evidence for the purpose of expressing an opinion or a conclusion. Accordingly, we will not express an opinion or a conclusion or provide any assurance on the financial statements.

Our engagement cannot be relied upon to identify or disclose any financial statement misstatements, including those caused by fraud or error, or to identify or disclose any wrongdoing within the entity or noncompliance with laws and regulations.

Management’s (Your) Responsibilities

The engagement to be performed is conducted on the basis that management acknowledges and understands that our role is to prepare financial statements in accordance with the Income Tax Basis of Accounting. Management has the following overall responsibilities that are fundamental to our undertaking the engagement to prepare your financial statements in accordance with SSARSs:

a.         The selection of income tax basis of accounting as the financial reporting framework to be applied in the preparation of the financial statements

b.         The design, implementation, and maintenance of internal control relevant to the preparation and fair presentation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error

c.         The prevention and detection of fraud

d.        To ensure that the entity complies with the laws and regulations applicable to its activities

e.         The accuracy and completeness of the records, documents, explanations, and other information, including significant judgments, you provide to us for the engagement to prepare financial statements

f.          To provide us with:

i.    Documentation, and other related information that is relevant to the preparation and presentation of the financial statements,

ii.  Additional information that may be requested for the purpose of the preparation of the financial statements, and

iii.  Unrestricted access to persons within the Company of whom we determine necessary to communicate.

The financial statements will not be accompanied by a report. However, you agree that the financial statements will clearly indicate that no assurance is provided on them.

You are also responsible for all management decisions and responsibilities and for designating an individual with suitable skills, knowledge, and experience to oversee our preparation of your financial statements. You are responsible for evaluating the adequacy and results of the services performed and accepting responsibility for such services. We will not indicate that we are not independent with respect to you.

Other Services

We may recommend third-party software or portals for ease of documentation or to assist you in conducting your business, such as QuickBooks (Desktop or Online), ADP, Fathom, and other software or you may request that we use such software, or a third-party banks’ payroll portal.  The use of any third-party portals and/or software will be considered at your request, and we do not warrant that the software or portal will meet your requirements or that their use will be uninterrupted or error-free. 

Further you agree that we will be responsible only for our own work, and not responsible for any problems with third party portals and/or software, and in the event that there is any issue as to the quality or performance of the software or portal, that risk is yours and not ours.  Again, we are not in privity with or in any contractual relationship with the third-party software or portal providers on your behalf, and if we are brought into any proceeding or suit arising from an issue with the portal or software, not having to do with any act of Arkin and Associates, P.C., you agree to indemnify and hold us harmless as well as agree to defend us. Further, you agree that you will not consider us ever giving you legal advice or HR advice, other than as it pertains to accounting or tax advice.  It is your sole responsibility to comply with employment laws. 

Also please be aware that we are not giving you advice regarding data privacy or legal compliance. Additionally, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) has a myriad of complex rules as it pertains to insurance and other HR issues. Arkin & Associates, P.C. will use our best effort to complete tax forms related to the ACA, but we are not responsible for your compliance with this law. You remain primarily responsible for compliance and agree to hold Arkin & Associates, P.C. harmless. 

Income Tax Preparation

If you have engaged us to prepare your income tax returns, we will prepare your federal and state income tax returns from information you furnish us and we may process them with an outside computer service. We will not audit or otherwise verify the data you submit, although we may ask you to clarify some of the information. We will furnish you with questionnaires to help you gather and organize the necessary information for us, in order to keep our fee to a minimum.

We must receive all information to prepare your return by March 15th of each year for individual returns and February 15th for entity returns, to ensure that your return will be completed by the due date. If we have not received all of your information by the above date, and your return is not completed by the normal due date, you may be subject to late filing or late payment penalties.

It is your responsibility to maintain, in your records, the documentation necessary to support the data used in preparing your tax returns, including but not limited to the auto, travel, entertainment, and related expenses and the required documents to support charitable contributions over $250. If you have any questions as to the type of records required, please ask us for advice in that regard. It is also your responsibility to carefully examine and approve your completed tax returns before signing and mailing them to the tax authorities. We are not responsible for the disallowance of doubtful deductions or inadequately supported documentation, nor for resulting taxes, penalties and interest.

Professional standards now require us to electronically file all federal and state individual income tax returns. Please note that although e-filing will require both you and our firm to complete additional steps, the same filing deadlines will apply. You must therefore ensure that you complete the additional requirements well before the due dates in order for our firm to be able to timely transmit your return. Our firm must transmit your return to the taxing authorities (rather than you). We will provide you with a copy of the income tax returns on our portal for your review prior to electronic transmission. After you have reviewed the returns, you must provide us with a signed authorization indicating that you have reviewed the return and that, to the best of your knowledge, you feel it is correct. We cannot transmit the returns to the taxing authorities until we have the signed authorization. Therefore, if you have not provided our firm with your signed authorization by the regular due date, we will place your return on extension, even though it might already have been completed. In that event, you will be responsible for ensuring that any payment due with the extension is timely sent to the appropriate taxing authorities. You will also be responsible for any additional costs our firm incurs arising from the extension preparation. However, you do have the right to “opt out” of the e-filing program if you so choose by completing and signing a federal opt out statement. The forms are available upon request and must be completed, signed, and returned to us before we can complete your returns. We also reserve the right to be paid for our services prior to eFiling your returns.

For entities, you are confirming to us that, unless we are otherwise advised, the travel, entertainment, gifts, and related expenses are supported by the necessary records required under Section 274 of the Internal Revenue Code. If you have any questions as to the type of records required, please ask us for advice in that regard.

The law provides for a penalty to be imposed where taxpayers make a substantial understatement of their tax liability. Taxpayers may seek to avoid all or part of the penalty by showing (1) that they acted in good faith and there was reasonable cause for the understatement, (2) that the understatement was based on substantial authority, or (3) that the relevant facts affecting the item’s tax treatment were adequately disclosed on the return. You agree to advise us if you wish disclosure to be made in your returns or if you desire us to identify or perform further research with respect to any material tax issues for the purposes of ascertaining whether, in our opinion, there is “substantial authority” for the position proposed to be taken on such issues in your returns.

We are responsible for preparing only the returns that you have engaged us to prepare. Our fee does not include responding to inquiries or examination by taxing authorities. However, we are available to represent you. Our fees for such services are at our standard rates and would be covered under a separate engagement letter.

We will use our judgment to resolve questions in your favor where a tax law is unclear if there is a reasonable justification for doing so. Whenever we are aware that a possibly applicable tax law is unclear or that there are conflicting interpretations of the law by authorities (e.g., tax agencies and courts), we will explain the possible positions that may be taken on your return. In accordance with our professional standards, we will follow whatever position you request, as long as it is consistent with the codes, regulations, and interpretations that have been promulgated. If the IRS should later contest the position taken, there may be an assessment of additional tax plus interest and penalties. Currently, the IRS and state taxing agencies are aggressive in assessing penalties. We assume no liability for any such additional penalties or assessments. In the event, however, that you ask us to take a tax position that in our professional judgment will not meet the applicable laws and standards as promulgated, we reserve the right to stop work and shall not be liable to you for any damages that occur as a result of ceasing to render services.

Please note that any person or entity subject to the jurisdiction of the United States (includes individuals, corporations, partnerships, trusts, and estates) having a financial interest in, or signature or other authority over, bank accounts, securities, or other financial accounts having a value exceeding $10,000 in a foreign country, shall report such a relationship. Although there are some limited exceptions, filing requirements also apply to taxpayers that have direct or indirect control over a foreign or domestic entity with foreign financial accounts, even if the taxpayer does not have foreign account(s). For example, a corporate-owned foreign account would require filings by the corporation and by the individual corporate officers with signature authority. Failure to disclose the required information to the U.S. Department of the Treasury may result in substantial civil and/or criminal penalties.

If you and/or your entity have a financial interest in any foreign accounts, you are responsible for engaging our firm and providing our firm with all the information necessary to prepare FinCen Form 114 or other forms required by the U.S. Department of the Treasury and the IRS. If you do not provide our firm with information regarding any interest you may have in a foreign account, we will not be able to prepare any of the required disclosure statements. You are responsible for failing to file these returns and the penalties are very large.

We offer an Audit Protection Plan for an additional annual or monthly fee. Our Audit Protection Plan covers our fees in representing you in an audit by the IRS, state, or local government up to the point where a legal proceeding may be required or advised. If you do not accept the Audit Protection Plan, our audits will be billed at our standard fees in addition to your monthly charges.

Payroll Tax Returns

We will prepare your periodic payroll and the related income tax returns, if you have engaged us to do so. Under no circumstances are we to be considered a Responsible Party as that term is understood in the Internal Revenue Code. You are responsible for submitting to us on a timely basis, the information necessary to prepare the periodic payroll. You are also responsible for paying all payroll taxes, Worker’s Compensation premiums, health insurance and any other benefits or taxes related to payroll. We are not a Professional Employment Organization (PEO) and we will not and do not employ any of your staff. We merely prepare the payroll as directed by you and remit taxes as your agent as directed by you. You agree to hold us harmless for any IRS, DOL, or other penalties or costs related to the HR function.

If you have engaged us to prepare your payroll…

  1. Payroll Processing, Tax Filing & Payment Services.   Arkin will process payroll for your employees and payees, deliver pay checks, and related reports to you, process direct deposits to those employees electing such service, remit payroll taxes on your behalf to those federal, state, and most local taxing jurisdictions designated by you (not including the filing or depositing of excise, sales , use, corporate , or similar taxes unless under our service agreement for those services has been accepted), and file related tax returns. We will also process calendar year-end Form’s W-2 for your employees and Forms 1099-MISC for payments to individuals that provide services to you as independent contractors.

    We may recommend that you use the outside services of ADP (ADP Run) to process your payroll. Client shall be liable for, and shall indemnify Arkin against, any loss, liability, claim, damage or exposure arising from or in connection with any fraudulent or criminal acts of your employees or payees. While we pay ADP for their services on your behalf, ADP is responsible for preparing your payroll and you agree to hold us harmless for acts or omissions on account of ADP.

  2. Billing. We will bill you and collect for any pass-through fees at the time of the payroll preparation. You agree to provide us with ACH drafting in which to pay for those services.

  3. Funding.  ADP will transfer all payments to your employees and tax agencies from your bank account. You will give timely approval of the payroll for release. Your failure to timely approve the payroll may result in late payments and unhappy employees and you will solely responsible for any consequences.

  4. Direct Deposit . Prior to the first credit to the account of any employee or other individual, you shall obtain and retain a signed authorization from such employee or individual authorizing the initiation of credits to such party' s account and debits of such account to recover funds credited to such account in error.

  5. Bank Charges. You are solely responsible for paying all bank charges including Stop Payment fees and overdrafts. If you desire to stop payment on any checks or reverse a direct deposit,  you  shall provide us with a stop payment request in writing. Due to the nature of these requests, Arkin will use its best efforts to issue a Stop Payment, if we are authorized by you and the bank, we will use our best efforts to recall or correct a Direct Deposit. However, due to the digital nature of some of these transactions, it may not be possible to do so. You agree to indemnify,  defend , and  hold  harmless Arkin and its affiliates and their successors and assigns from and against any liability whatsoever for stopping  payment  on  any  check or direct deposit requested by Client and from and against all actions, suits , losses, claims,  damages , charges, and  expenses of every nature and character,  including attorney fees, in any claims or  suits  arising  by reason of stopping  payment  on  said  check,  including  claims made by  a  "holder in due course"  of  such check.

  6. Bank Account. You agree to have sufficient funds necessary to fund all payments and Arkin will not be responsible for penalties or other damage caused by your failure to maintain sufficient balances. Further, Arkin has no responsibility to check your bank balances to determine whether you have enough money to fund payroll.

  7. Important Tax Information (IRS Disclosure).   Notwithstanding Client's engagement of us to provide Services, you are responsible for the timely filing of payroll tax returns and the timely payment of payroll taxes for your employees. 

  8. Client acknowledges that Arkin is not providing storage or record keeping  of Client  records as part of our services.

Other Relevant Information for All Engagements

You agree to hold us harmless and to release, indemnify and defend us from any liability or costs, including attorneys' fees, resulting from management's or your knowing misrepresentations to us.

It is your responsibility to provide information to us in a timely manner and we will not be responsible for your inability to do so. It is your responsibility to provide all the information required for the preparation of a complete and accurate return and financial statements. You should retain all documents, cancelled checks and other data that form the basis of your income and expenses for a minimum of 7 years and in some circumstances for a longer period. These may be necessary to prove the accuracy and completeness of the returns to a taxing authority. We recommend that you keep all tax returns and items affecting the basis of your assets forever.

Under Georgia law and CPA ethics, you have a right to all of your source and original documents. However, you do not have a right to our workpapers, analyses, nor electronic copies of data prepared by our software. Should you use QuickBooks and you have a valid license, you have the right to the last QuickBooks backup data files that we may have. We will either send you paper copies of the work prepared by our office or we will place this work on our portal. Should you require additional copies of the documents we have prepared, there may be an additional charge. Accordingly, you should carefully store this information. We will keep your documents available on our portal for 30 days should you terminate our services. These documents may be copied to your Computer.  Arkin & Associates, P.C. will retain copies of these documents for a short period, and none held by us would be protected as "privileged" information if subpoenaed by the IRS.

You are also responsible for the accuracy of your income tax returns; therefore, you will want to review them carefully before signing them. Arkin & Associates, P.C. will use its professional judgment in resolving questions where the tax law is unclear, or where there may be conflicts between taxing authorities, interpretations of the law and other supportable positions. Unless otherwise instructed by you, we will resolve such questions in your favor whenever possible. Should the IRS later contest the position taken, there may be an assessment of additional tax, plus interest and penalties. We assume no liability for any such additional penalties or assessments.

Our engagement cannot be relied upon to disclose errors, fraud, or illegal acts. However, we will inform the appropriate level of management of any material errors, and of any evidence or information that comes to our attention during the performance of our compilation procedures that fraud may have occurred. We have no responsibility to identify and communicate deficiencies in your internal control as part of this engagement.  Since we are not attorneys, we are not responsible to disclose illegal activities.

However, if during the course of our engagement we may, but are not required to, recommend that you seek legal counsel for guidance as to whether any actions on the part of the Company are illegal.

If, during our work, we discover information that affects prior-year tax returns, we will make you aware of the facts. However, we cannot be responsible for identifying all items that may affect prior-year returns. If you become aware of such information during the year, please contact us to discuss the best resolution of the issue. We will be happy to prepare appropriate amended returns as a separate engagement.

Certain communications involving tax advice may be privileged and not subject to disclosure to the IRS. By disclosing the contents of those communications to anyone, or by turning over information about those communications to the government, you, your employees, or agents may be waiving this privilege. To protect this right to privileged communication, please consult with us or your attorney prior to disclosing any information about our tax advice. Generally speaking, information used in preparing your tax returns is not a privileged communication with regard to the IRS.

Should we receive any request for the disclosure of privileged information from any third party, including a subpoena or IRS summons, we will notify you, if permitted by law. In the event you direct us not to make the disclosure, you agree to hold us harmless from any expenses incurred in defending the privilege, including, by way of illustration only, our attorney’s fees, court costs, outside adviser’s costs, or penalties or fines imposed as a result of your asserting the privilege or your direction to us to assert the privilege. However, we may still disclose the information pursuant to legal advice if withholding this information violates the law.

Furthermore, the parties agree that if an unanticipated need arises (such as, but not limited to, an audit by a taxing agency, or any other exogenous service not anticipated in this agreement by the parties), Arkin & Associates, P.C. hereby agrees to perform this additional work at a price mutually agreed upon before the service is provided. This service will be billed separately, as part of a change order, and will be payable upon presentation (or payable upon terms mutually agreed upon). In the event of a tax examination or correspondence, we may represent you if requested, but these services are charged separately.

During the course of our engagement, we will request information and explanations from you regarding your tax return. In view of the foregoing, you agree to release our firm and its personnel from any liability and costs relating to our services under this letter resulting from false or misleading representations made to us by you. In addition, you agree to indemnify and hold harmless our firm and its personnel from any claims, including costs and expenses, as a result of the services performed under this engagement for third party lawsuits.

You agree to, and hereby consent to participate in our Peer Review program as administered by the American Institute and the Georgia Society of Certified Public Accountants.

As a result of our prior or future services to you, we might be requested to provide information or documents to you or a third party in a legal, administrative, arbitration, or similar proceeding in which we are not a party. If this occurs, our efforts in complying with such requests will be deemed billable to you as a separate engagement. We shall be entitled to compensation for our time and reasonable reimbursement for our expenses (including legal fees) in complying with the request. For all requests we will observe the confidentiality requirements of our profession and will notify you promptly of the request.

You may be asked to disclose your tax return information or financial statements to third parties. We will not respond to these outside requests from third parties. Should you request, we will send copies of your tax returns to you and you may decide whether to disclose the returns to third parties. (The prior returns and financial statements are available for your download on our portal.) This disclosure does not constitute privity or any contractual or other relationship between us and the third party and you agree to hold us harmless.

Arkin & Associates, PC does not host any of your information. Thomson Reuter’s Onvio is used solely to transfer data and is not intended for the storage of your information. You are solely responsible for downloading any deliverables and other records from the Onvio portal that you wish to retain for its own records at the completion of the engagement. If this engagement occurs over multiple years, you should download such information at least annually. The data and deliverables and other records will either be removed from the Onvio portal or otherwise become unavailable to you after 3 years or if you cease to subscribe to our services. If the engagement is multi-year, the completion of the engagement occurs each year when the deliverables for that year are delivered to you.

Because there are inherent difficulties in recalling or preserving information as the period after an engagement increases, you agree that, notwithstanding the statute of limitations of the State of Georgia, any claim based on this engagement must be filed within 12 months after performance of our service, unless you have previously provided us with a written notice of a specific defect in our services that forms the basis of the claim and our liability to you is limited to fees paid by you for last 12 months.

In accordance with our firm policies, work may be suspended if your account becomes 45 days or more overdue and work will not be resumed until your account is paid in full. If we elect to terminate our services for nonpayment, our engagement will be deemed to have been completed upon written notification of termination, even if we have not completed our report. You will be obligated to compensate us for all the time expended at our prevailing hourly rates and to reimburse us for all out of pocket expenditures related to this engagement.

Generally speaking, unless other arrangements have been made, we do not bill on an hourly basis. Our fees will be at our prevailing rates for the engagement as determined based on the complexity of your engagement. We are happy to provide an estimate of the fee charged prior to the service being rendered.

Use of contractors, outsourced services and other third party service providers

  • We may engage external service providers, located both locally and/or internationally (for example – Australia, USA, The Philippines, India) as required to provide services, software products, data and document storage/fiing, and applications to you/us. These external service providers will enable us to conduct some or all of the tasks, assignments or activities of the engagement. These services may include:

  • Software as a service provided by an external provider (Microsoft, Google, QBO, Karbon, and others)

  • Accounting file preparation

  • Data entry and invoice processing for accounting systems

  • Payroll services

  • If we do engage contractors, outsourced service and/or other third party service providers, then we remain responsible for the work that they produce.

  • Acceptance of our services in conjunction with our engagement document indicates your acceptance of the use of outsourced services as described.

Mediation & Arbitration - ADR

Any dispute (other than our efforts to collect an outstanding invoice) that may arise regarding the meaning, performance or enforcement of this engagement or any prior engagement that we have performed for you, will, prior to resorting to litigation, be submitted to mediation, and the parties will engage in the mediation process in good faith. Any mediation initiated as a result of this engagement shall be administered within the county of Chatham, GA by The Mediation Center of Savannah, GA, according to its mediation rules, and any ensuing litigation shall be conducted within said county, according to Georgia law. The results of any such mediation shall be binding only upon agreement of each party to be bound. The costs of any mediation proceeding (other than professional fees incurred by each party) shall be shared equally by the participating parties.

Each party may disclose any facts to the other party or to the mediator which it, in good faith, considers necessary to resolve the matter. All such discussions, however, will be for the purpose of assisting in settlement efforts and will not be admissible in any subsequent litigation against the disclosing party. Except as agreed by both parties, the mediator will keep confidential all information disclosed during negotiations. The mediator may not act as a witness for either party in any subsequent arbitration between the parties.

The mediation proceedings will conclude within sixty days from receipt of the written notice unless extended or terminated sooner by mutual consent. Each party will be responsible for its own expenses. The fees and expenses of the mediator, if any, will be borne equally by the parties.

If any dispute, controversy, or claim arising out of or in connection with the performance or breach of this agreement cannot be resolved by mediation, then the dispute, controversy or claim will be settled by arbitration in accordance with the Rules of the American Arbitration Association (AAA) for the Resolution of Accounting Firm Disputes. No prehearing discovery will be permitted unless specifically authorized by the arbitration panel. The arbitration hearings will take place in Savannah, Georgia.

*  One arbitrator shall be selected using AAA procedures.

*  The arbitrator shall use all reasonable efforts to minimize discovery and to complete the arbitration proceedings as expeditiously as possible.

*  The arbitrator shall render a written decision within thirty (30) calendar days of the hearing.

*  The arbitrator will not award attorney's fees, or punitive, incidental, consequential, treble or other multiple or exemplary damages, and the parties   hereby agree to waive and not seek such damages.

*  The arbitration shall be held in Savannah, Georgia; both parties hereby give their irrevocable consent to jurisdiction of courts of or in the State of Georgia.


All invoices are due and payable upon presentation.